Common Skin Care Questions, Answered 

1. Can I shrink my pore size?

Some products make the claim, but the truth is, you can't shrink the actual size of your pores. The good news? You can minimize their appearance. All it takes is three easy steps:

Cleanse: A good, deep cleansing will rid your skin of the makeup, dirt and debris that can clog pores and make them appear larger.

​Exfoliate: Although your skin naturally sheds the dead cells that clog pores, this process can slow with age. A good exfoliator will encourage this natural process to uncover a more radiant, clearer complexion. 

Treat: A targeted SERUM will deliver needed ingredients to revitalize your skin. 

2. How do I know which moisturizer is for me?

Our skin constantly loses its natural moisturizing factors (NMF) due to environmental aggressors  sun, wind, dry air (cold and hot), harsh surfactants, even drying off with a towel after a shower removes needed moisture. Skin will also experience a decrease in oil production levels due to age. To maintain soft, smooth and supple skin, we need to replenish this moisture loss. So, get in the habit of safeguarding your skin with a good moisturizer  daily. Each moisturizer was designed to meet the particular needs of every skin type. Check out our Creams and Serums for Moisturizing Options.

If you have Oily to Very Oily  - an oil-free moisture cream/gel that acts like a 'second skin' to prevent moisture loss. 

If you have Combination skin, you need a lightweight hydrating cream that absorbs quickly, leaving no oily feel or shine.

If you have Dry skin, you need  a nutrient-rich emollient cream designed to instantly relieve chronically dry skin.

If you have Very Dry skin, you need a cream that is extremely rich, yet non-greasy formula that helps replenish rundown moisture reserves and repairs surface micro-cracks that cause flakiness and dryness. Ask Katherine about her suggestions.

If you have Sensitive skin, you need a cream created for intolerant complexions that helps strengthen the skin's protective barrier, while addressing the root cause of visible redness and irritation.


Using the right moisturizer is not only a part of your essential twice daily skin care - doing so will keep your skin breeze through the day feeling smooth, hydrated and lubricated. And, it helps to protect the skin damaging environmental stress that can accelerate the aging process.

3. What is a serum and how do I use it?

Serums are usually lightweight formulations and are intended to deliver a high dosage of skin-repairing ingredients or antioxidants. They are really not intended to provide adequate hydration so you should layer a serum underneath your moisturizer for an anti-aging boost.

Try any one of our Hydrating Serums best suited to your Skin Type and desired results. Our VITAMIN C SERUM treats brown spots, evens skin tone and boosts collagen production. Our PEPTIDE SERUM gives a collagen elastin boost for treating wrinkles and thinning skin.


4. What is an Esthetician and why is it important that I visit one?

An Esthetician is a licensed skin care specialist educated in microbiology, anatomy, skin physiology and cosmetic chemistry. Estheticians receive up to 1500 hours of specialized education and pass stringent exams to obtain a state license.

An Esthetician will identify your exact skin type, perform a Skin Reading to evaluate your needs, plan a treatment program specifically for you, and professionally recommend take-home products targeted to address your skin concerns. Rather than a hit-or-miss approach to skin care, she will customize an agenda based on your individual goals.

5.  I drink tons of water every day. Why does my skin feel dry/tight?

Think of how your skin exposed to 24/7 harsh environments, pollutants, free radical and UV damage. Illness, hormones, medication and your daily habits can also rob the surface of your skin of the moisture it needs. For this reason, you need to apply products to the skin that contain moisturizing and hydrating ingredients. (Serums, Toners, Moisturizers)

Although the more water you drink, the healthier your body will be in general, the benefits your body receives from drinking water will be more internal than external. Adequate water-intake does help with digestion, flushing your body of toxins and improve your overall health, it's not enough to prevent dehydration on the surface of your skin.

In addition to water, keep your skin cells healthy and hydrated with the energizing and moisturizing properties of vitamins. Foods with vitamin B (oats, barley, wheat bran, avocado, salmon) will keep your skin smooth and hydrated. Vitamin E (found in olive oil, eggs, almonds, and apples) will help skin retain major moisture, and vitamin C (red bell pepper, papaya, oranges, or broccoli) will fight the damaging drying effects of the world around you.

6. The top 5 facts about the sun and sunscreen!

Almost 90% of the visible changes commonly attributed to aging are caused by the sun's ultraviolet (UV) rays. (Source: Skin Cancer Foundation) Even on a cloudy day, up to 80% of UV rays can pass through the clouds! (Source: American Academy of Dermatology)

There are two types of UV rays: UVB (the chief culprit behind sunburn), and UVA (which cause fine lines and wrinkles, leathering, and sagging). The best sunscreens provide "broad-spectrum" protection, so they protect against both UVA and UVB rays.

Your skin's epidermis is literally paper-thin, so UV rays can pierce through it easily. UVA rays penetrate the deepest, all the way to your dermis, where blood vessels and nerves are found. Thinking of getting a "base" tan before your beach vacation? Think again. There's no safe way to prep the skin for UV rays. Any time the skin tans, it's a sign of injury. The only safe way to spend a day at the beach is to use sunscreen and stay protected from the sun.

70% of people know that the sun causes premature aging, but only 18% wear a SPF moisturizer as part of their daily skin care... are you one of them?

7. How do I get rid of dark spots on my skin?

So why do spots appear on the skin? Brown spots (called hyperpigmentation) are actually a clumping of skin pigments commonly caused by sun exposure, aging, acne, or hormone imbalances. They most often appear on the parts of your skin where the sun's rays hit it most frequently, like the tip of your nose, your hairline, and even the left-side of your face (for those of you commuters who drive with the sun hitting your window). Katherine of Athena suggests: using skincare products best suited to skin type to treat, exfoliate and lighten skin damage, plus monthly customized resurfacing facials, wearing SPF, and wearing sun protective eye and clothing. Call to make an appointment for a Facial plus receive an at home regimen for results. 

8. What is Acne and what causes it?

Its the term for clogged pores and pimples. A chronic inammatory disease of the sebaceous hair follicles, acne can be controlled but not cured. What causes acne? Hormones prompt your oil glands to produces excess oil, provoking the skin cells in your pores to rapidly shed. When the pore becomes clogged by trapped oil and dead skin cells, it creates a perfect breeding ground for irritating acne bacteria. As your skin tries to deal with the bacteria, it becomes inflamed, eventually causing a full-blown breakout. To stop this cycle from repeating itself over and over, you need to control all four trigger factors:

Excess oil

Pore-clogging skin cell
Acne bacteria

 By Appointment  Only - Call 818-324-6323 - 23564 Calabasas Rd. Calabasas, CA 

© 2020 Katherine of Athena Skin Care